13 Proven Rules to Follow in IELTS Writing Task-2

In IELTS writing task 2 , you need to write an essay of at least 250 words. First of all, you can write whatever comes in your mind about the topic but make it lead high band score there are certain rules to follow which are discuss here.

Rule #1 : Identify the Keywords

May be you can write with great vocabulary and grammar but if you fail to task response, all your efforts can turn vague.

To overcome this shortcoming, you need to analyze the question first by slicing in little parts to understand it properly and save yourself from dropping down to poor band score.

identify keywords in IELTS Writing Task-2
Let`s see how you can do this from following example:

It is better to eat food which is produced by small farmers, rather than food produced by 'factory farming' and transported long distances.

To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?

First thing you need to do is identify potential keywords in the question; which are: food production, small farmers, factory farming and transportation.

All you need to do is to write about these keywords which will make sure you are staying with the question and improve your chance to get higher band.

Rule #2 : Preplan your essay

In IELTS writing task-2, you are supposed to send 40 minutes on this task.

Therefore, if you spend 5 minutes on thinking how you will organize your essay, it still remains 35 minutes to write 250-275 words.



Without proper planning, you can stuck in the middle of writing and consume more time-that`s the very good reason why you should plan first.

You can identify some vocabulary surrounding the identified keywords in Tips-1 and find some collocation words that will eventually flood you with ideas to write about any topics.

Rule #3 : Include Thesis Statement

This one of major facts what many IELTS candidate forget to add thesis statement while writing introduction.

Including thesis statement is a good practice in academic writing where in one sentence the writer creates an appeal for the reader to read the rest of the essay.

Thesis statement is what you want to prove in your essay with arguments and example. Click here to go through a great post  to guide to write a good thesis statement.

Rule #4 : Organize Your Essay

A reader will have a good experience in your writing if he/she do not have trouble to find what you are presenting.

Human eyes are prone to find sooth in smaller chunk of texts than big paragraphs and in the later case, the examiners mind faced with a sea of ideas and arguments to identify the cohesion in your essay.

IELTS essay structure

If you write all things in one paragraph, then it looks messy and makes the writing less appealing for the examiner which will leads to low band score.

Therefore, try to add at least four paragraph in your essay: introduction, two main body paragraphs and conclusion.

Rule #5: Start with a Purpose

It is better to start the first line of each paragraph (at least the body paragraphs) with a leading sentence.

First of all, make it clear what you want to say generally. This general statement wills leads to reasons (how can you explain the general statement) and examples like:

It is highly likely that the food production of local farmers will carry more food value than factory farming. The main reason why this will probably……….

Do not consider yourself that the shortest sentence of a paragraph will be the topic sentence. In fact this sentence could be long simple or complex sentence.

But, do not try to mingle reasons and examples in the topic sentence which will disorganize the sequence of idea flow in your writing.

IELTS Writinginfographics


Rule #6: Support with Reasons and Evidence

As we said earlier, the first sentence of a paragraph will state the single unifying idea i.e. argument of what you want to the examiner to believe.

The second sentence should state the reasons behind the argument which is not actually stated in the argument.

For example, if you say in argument (the first sentence of a paragraph):

The increasing ownership of private cars leads to traffic congestion and air pollution in urban areas of the country.

This statement is not true for just because you think/say so, you need to unlock the potentials of this argument with reasons. Like:

Because, more car will take more road space and exhaust more fumes to excel those problems."

Adding the reason makes the examiner care for your argument and amplifies the importance of your claim.

After giving your reasons, it`s the time to support it with real world examples like below:

For example, in some parts of the world, people are discouraged to use private cars with high parking cost and pollution taxes to reduce congestion and pollution in central part of the city.

You can see that our arguments gets stronger and stronger after stating reasons and evidence and that`s what the IELTS examiner wants from a candidate.

Rule #7: Gather all points together

It is better academic practice to summarize the most crucial ideas of your essay in conclusion by using new and interesting language.

Think of it like a overview of your essay, no need to elaborate it with examples that is already done in the body paragraphs.

It is better not to use phrases like "in conclusion" or "in summary" in this part of essay which can make it monotonous.

Rule #8: Provide Wider Perspectives

The purpose of a good conclusion does not finish by simply repeating the key points of the essay.

It should go beyond this and provide a new way of thinking about the subject matter of the essay. It will also make glad the examiner that they read your essay.

wider perspectives IELTS writing essay

On this respect, you can include a provocative insight or quotation from the arguments, reason and examples that you have already mentioned in your essay.

Rule #9 : Use impersonal language

IELTS writing Task-2 essay should be written in academic style which means it should not written for specific reader and with emotion.

To imply these strategies, you should limit the use of "I", "We" or "You". Don`t write for example: "As you can see air pollution is a big problem in our cities".

impersonal language IELTS Writing Task-2

You can use "there" to make the statement more impersonal like "There has been a significant concern of increasing air pollution in major cities of the world"

Rule #10: Use Academic Vocabulary

Most of the IELTS candidate makes the mistake of writing their essay like a newspaper, magazine or a blog article.

But, academic writing style is different which follows more formal approach of writing by omitting slangs.

Look at these examples:
  • We have seen an exiting movie this weekend (spoken English)
  • The film that has been watched this week is praiseworthy (academic English)

Rule #11 : Avoid repetition

Repetition means using same word or sentence structure again and again that lead the examiner to think that you have poor vocabulary and cannot use complex sentence structure to make the essay spontaneous.


To prove your vocabulary range, use synonyms or different expressions. But, it is inevitable that you will repeat the key phrases of the question topic.

Like, If you are writing about air pollution, then those words can recur in your essay. However, even keywords like "pollution" can be replaced by word like "contamination”.

Rule #12 : Use Linkers

Coherence is a key issue of marking IELTS writing which examines the logical sequence of the essay.

The best way to get a feel about this cohesion is to use linking words or phrases to relate point/idea to earlier and later points. Here are some list of useful linkers and connectors you can use in IELTS essay.

These signposting words are used to give a sense of natural flow in your writing without abrupt jumps or breaks between arguments, reasons and examples in the essay.

Rule #13 : Use mix of sentences

An academic IELTS essay must structured with mixed sentences between simple, compound and complex with varied lengths.

Too many simple sentences can make it monotonous. Like if you are wiring about air pollution, it could be

"Air Pollution is increasing in cities. It is bad for health. People are dying for this."

or it could be

"Air pollution is a persistence problem in many cities of the world. It is certainly bad for health as well as people can dye fast for this"

So, which one is better? Notice the use of linked "as well as" in the second writing.

Conclusion

Although there is no definitive guide of good or bad writing, but there are certain rules of academic writing. Using of these  tips make your IELTS writing task 2 essay more robust, natural and polished to lead in higher band score.

3 Advanced IELTS Writing Techniques for Scoring Band 8.0

Are you ready to score Band 8 or higher in IELTS writing module?  Then you come to right IELTS blog post.

You can see some significant improvement of your academic IELTS writing once you meets some parameters for the examiner that they are looking for in your essay to score high.

#Avoid Generalization in your Writing

Good academic writers are careful that they don`t make statements which are too general. This is important in a piece of academic writing.

avoid generalization in IELTS Writing

We also use certain expressions to avoid making generalizations.
  • In many cases / the majority of cases, it is extremely difficult at first to integrate in a new society.
  • Generally speaking, moving abroad is a very difficult thing to do.
  • For many, the language barrier is a major problem. (= for a lot of people but not everyone)
Look at the paragraph below where a Band 8+ candidate has written a paragraph while answering a question in Task-2 relating Marriage & Divorce.

Generally speaking, getting married is one of the most significant experiences in a person`s life. It can be difficult at times, but you could say the same for anything that is worth doing. Sadly, in many cases, marriage ends in divorce. This is often because the couple got married at a young age.

In this example, the writing generalize the positive experience of marriage life. He is also saying “it can be difficult” means it may not be difficult for many people.

Using of this expression (it can be difficult) makes the statement beyond the question of any debate and that is what an academic writer will do in making any argument in his/her writing.

Now, look at the following answer where the candidate writes his/her answer by using modal verbs to avoid making over generalizations.

Question: What are the pros and cons of using public transport?

Public transport is being used by passengers which they don’t need to travel in their own vehicle. Nowadays there are many different kinds of public transport like hi-speed trains. buses. taxi. ferry, etc. They are very popular and provide good services. As a result. I encourage to use public transport. There are lots of advantages to use public transport.

On the upside, using public transport is more environmentally friendly. People like driving their own cars but they are choking the cities. For the environment, it is a good way to protect our Earth. Also public transport is very convenient for people who can't afford to buy own car. You can take a bus or train to arrive the destination in a cheap price. Another advantages of public transport is offering more jobs for drivers. It is a steady job. In my country, if you have a family member is a bus driver. you don't need to pay for take a bus for whole life. As a result. there are lots of pros of using transport.

On the down side, may be it is inconvenient for people need to change bus or train to arrive the destination. Also, trains and buses are crowded in busy time, may be passenger need to wait for a long time to get home. Another disadvantages of public transport is dirty. In some buses, you might find the seats are dirty and many tickets on the floor.

Obviously. you can see there are more pros of using public transport. I strongly agree people using public transport. Nowadays, air pollution is more serious, it is a good way to solve this problem. Also, it make for citizens to use and life more easier.


#Use Collocations to Generate ideas for IELTS Writing

A good way to improve the accuracy of your writing is to learn common collocations of key words of each IELTS task -2 topic. Accuracy is one of the component of writing that examiners seeks for.

Collocations are words which naturally go together and you should study how words fit together into chunks of language instead of focusing on individual words.

Collocations in IELTS writing
For example, you know the word decision. But by some brainstorming you can make some other useful chunks, such as:
  • make a decision about something (a job, a university course)
  • rush into making a decision about
  • take your time before you rush into making a decision about
The more chunks of language you can create, the more flexible your writing will be in the exam. You will develop this habit as you move through practicing with several Task-2 Questions in IELTS writing exam.

Start by looking at the following question of Task-2.

“Happiness is positively linked with good health. To what extend you agree or disagree with this point of view. "

Pick out and record some chunks you can imagine regarding health and happiness by combining words and phrases. For example.

To keep good health one must
  • not smoking
  • not drinking alcohol
  • getting enough sleep
  • avoiding stress
  • eating healthy food
  • taking regular exercise (makes one fit for work and industry is the key to success and success brings happiness)
Good health will leads to.....
  • keep in touch with friends and family ( A good health make one fit to socialize with neighbors and family members with in turns have psychologically positive influence to lead a happy life)
  • getting immunized against preventable diseases

Look at the above examples and you will be surprised to see how finding collocations make it easier to write about any topic with accuracy.

Therefore, before you write any IELTS essay, think about four or five collocations connected with the topic and generate your mind-map for writing the essay.

It is also good practice to maintain a notebook while you practice for the IELTS writing exam and write down useful vocabulary and collocations for tentative IELTS task-2 topics. You can use then use your notes to revise each topic before the exam.

#Contrasting Ideas with Linking Words

When you write a Task 2 essay, you need to contrast different ideas, this will make your writing more academic and show you can consider different points of view.

For example, if you are writing about a IELTS Writing Task-2 Topic of “Very few people aim to be a teacher in their life”; you can write:

Although teaching can sometimes be a tiring and stressful job, it is generally very satisfying.

Here you are contrasting your idea about teaching as “a tiring and stressful job” with the word “satisfying” (Look we use the word “generally” here to generalize the statement that we discussed in previous technique) and it is done with the linking word “Although”.

Contrasting ideas in IELTS writing

You can also use following linking words to contrast ideas in your IELTS essay.
  • However
  • Nonetheless
Example:
  • It is clear that prison is the best punishment for serious crimes, such as murder. However, some people may oppose with this idea and find death penalty to be the most appropriate mode of punishment for such crimes.
  • May people say that living alone can be difficult and lonely? Nonetheless, I think that there are more advantage of having your own place, such as being able to do whatever you like.
You should give emphasis about contrasting ideas in conclusion to show that you have considered the question carefully and that you understand different point of view.

Example:
  • To sum up, although it is true that exams can be stressful for children, I think that they are the best and the fairest way to consider assess students’ progress.

Conclusion

It is really important to know the different forms of styles of academic writing to stand out from the crowd and create a positive impression to the examiner for getting higher band score.

As you are opting for better score in IELTS exam, while practicing, try to use these techniques in essay writing particularly for IELTS task 2.

How to Prepare for the IELTS Test Day

Very few people like taking exams. However, all candidate must have a positive experience of taking the IELTS exam.

You can make the day of the exam easier if you know what to expect and want you will have to do before you go to the IELTS test center.

prepare for the ielts test day

Here are some important advice and information so that you know what to do if there are any problems on the day that you take your exam.

Make sure that you have read and understood all the information and advice below before you go into the exam.

Rules and regulations

For any exam you take, there are some rules and regulations about what you must do and why you mustn’t do during the exam.

Read through the rules and regulations below and if there is anything you don`t understand, ask your teacher or the administrator at the Test Centre.

You must...
  • Provide a proof of your identity (e.g. passport or national identity card) at registration and every examination session. Candidates taking the test outside their own country must produce a passport. This ID must contain a number, a signature, a date of birth and a photograph.

  • Provide two recent identical passport-sized photographs on registration.

  • Only have on your desk your identification, a pen/pencil and an eraser.

  • Switch off your mobile phone, pager or any other electronic devices and put them with your personal belongings outside the test room.(Any candidate who does not switch off their phone/pager or who keeps one in their possession, will be disqualified.)

  • Tell the test invigilator immediately if the conditions on the day of test in any way impede your performance.


You must not….
  • Impersonate another person or have another person impersonate you.

  • Attempt to cheat, copy the work of another candidate or disrupt

  • Use or attempt to use a dictionary, page, spell-checker, electronic recorder or mobile phone for the duration of the test. (Any candidate doing so will be disqualified)

  • Talk to or disturb other candidates once the examination has started.

  • Smoke, eat or drink in the examination room.

  • Use or attempt to use, a dictionary

  • Reproduce any part of the test in any format/medium. Any candidate doing so will have their test results disqualified and be liable to prosecution.

  • Remove any materials used during the examination. This includes, but is not limited to, examination papers, speaking task cards, answer sheets and working paper.

Make sure you attend on time

Provide what you need
  • Take into the examination room only the pens, pencils and erasers which you need for the examination.

  • You must not use correction fluid or highlighters.

  • Leave anything which you do not need, or which is not allowed, outside the examination room.

  • You may not give anything or borrow anything from another during the examination.

  • Do not bring valuables as the test center cannot be responsible for these.

Examination instructions
  • Listen to the supervisor and do what you are asked to do.

  • Tell the supervisor or invigilator at once:- if you think you have the wrong question paper & if the question paper is incomplete or illegible.

  • Read carefully and follow the instructions printed on the question paper and on the answer sheet.

  • Fill in the details required on the front of your question paper and on your answer sheer before the start of the examination.

Advice and assistance during the examination
  • If you are not sure about what to do, raise your hand to attract attention. An invigilator will come to help you.

  • You must not ask for, and will not be given, any explanation of the questions.

  • If you do not feel well on the day of the examination or think that your work may be affected for any other reason, tell the supervisor or invigilator.

Leaving the examination room
  • You may not leave the examination room without the permission of the supervisor or invigilator.

  • You cannot leave your seat until all papers have been collected and you have been told you can leave.

  • When you leave the examination room you must leave behind any paper used for rough work, clearly through and many other materials provided for the examination.

  • Do not make any noise near the examination room.


IELTS Results
  • Results are issued by the test centers, usually 13 days after the test

  • Results may be delayed or withheld where any rules and regulations have been breached

  • In exceptional circumstances, results may be delayed and you may be required to retake one or more modules where the pattern module results unusual.

Smart Ways to Score High in IELTS Speaking Part 3

In part 1 of the Speaking test, the examiner asks you questions on familiar topics about your personal life and interests. Note that this is not usually related to the topics that follows in Part 2 and 3.

But, this case is different in Part 3 of speaking test.

In Part 3 of the speaking test, the examiner asks further question to the topic of Part 2. These questions explore more abstract ideas and issues.

Here is an example of Task-2 question.

Describe a school or college where you were a student. You should say:
  • What type of school/college it was
  • where it was
  • when you studied there
and explain how you felt about it when you were a student there.

If you have this cue card in Part-2, then the examiner may ask you following questions in Part-3:

  • Do you think the school in your country are equally good, or some better than others?
  • How can a person’s education affect their future life?
  • Do you think there`s too much emphasis on exams in your country?

DO YOU SMELL SOMETHING HERE? 

The part 3 of the speaking test mostly consist questions relating to arguments. Argument means, you need to discuss both sides of the question.

Using linking words is a smart idea on this regard. For example, you can use
  1. But
  2. However
  3. On the other hand
  4. Although
  5. though
Example Question: Do you think there`s too much emphasis on exams in your country?

Answer (using linking words): Few people believe examinations are perfect way to measure ability of students. However, most education institution in my country use them.

Notice that in IELTS speaking part -3; the examiner can ask you question you may no prior idea to make arguments.

Do not worry! The speaking test assesses your speaking ability, not your knowledge of the world.

You won`t lose marks if you don`t know much about a topic, so admit this make a guess. You would not loose point for giving wrong answer.

In fact, if this happens that you are speaking out of topic, the examiner may move the conversation on to a related topic.

Trick

If you can`t think of anything to say immediately, it is useful to know some expressions for `filling in`. They can give you a few seconds to think about your answer. Look at the following 'filling in' expressions:
  1. I`ve never really thought about that
  2. Let me think
  3. Let me see
  4. That`s a good question
  5. I`m not sure
For Example if you are asked a question like this: Do you think Climate Change can the way we are living now? You can answer: I am not an expert of climate change but I think it will bring us no good.

ielts speaking don`t know

Clarifying your meaning is vital point in Part-3 long for getting better band score.

Several techniques you can use here to demonstrate that you are able to give clear, precise meaning It will make  your English sound more advanced and natural.

Remember, this is common practice among native speakers to ensure their listeners fully understand the points they want to make.

One thing you can do on this regard is to use conditional sentences to describe cause and effect. Look at the use of "if" as conditional sentences below.
  • If this city keeps growing, eventually it will join up with the towns around it.
  • It would have been better if the airport had been built further from the city.
  • If cities grow too quickly, they become chaotic and unhealthy places to live.
  • If the government spent more money on developing rural areas, people wouldn`t be so keen to move to the cities.
Another thing you can do on this context is to began a sentence with Personally...means you know that what you`re saying is only your opinion or preference, and may people will disagree.

For example, Personally, I wouldn`t want to live in a city, but I`ve lived in London all my life.

Part-3 questions are focusing on arguments as well as contrasting ideas. Good use of advanced, natural-sounding phrases for connecting and contrasting ideas is one of the things that can help get you a high score.

Here we will discuss two advanced way to contrast ideas.

1. Using "Having said that..." : This can be useful for contrasting ideas which are contradictory

Example: I think it`s very important to know what`s happening in your country and in the world. Having said that, I don`t actually follow the news carefully every day.

In this example, the candidate contrasts what he thinks with what she actually does. Note that you use a stress on saying "said" to sound more natural.

ielts speaking using contrast words

2. You can also use "apart from that" to contrast an exception with a general rule.

Examples:
  • They may be exciting for people who have a special interest in the subject, but apart from that, they tend not to have a lot of appeal.
  • I watch the news and some current-affairs programs, but apart from that, I watch very little TV.
  • Apart from checking the headlines on the internet, I don`t really follow the news.
Remember, giving complex, structured answers will gain you marks, but it may not always be possible.

The model answers given below are written to demonstrate a range of strategies, and only the most advanced candidates can consistently give answers like these.

Lean from these examples, but unless you need band 7.5 or higher, don`t worry about giving such complex answers to every question yourself.

1. Do you think the quality of TV in your country is generally good?

There are three or four channels which are quite high quality, and in particular we have an arts channel which produces some excellent programs. But the majority of channels don`t seem high quality to me. They show a lot of imported programs, moronic game shows and repeats there are far too may advertisement as well. On some channels, they take a half-hour program and make it up to an hour with advertisements and trailers for other programs.

(Here the speaker Gives a hypothetical scenario of how things could be different)

2. What problems do you think can be caused by watching too much TV?

Obviously, it`s not very good for the health to sit still for hours at a time. I know I always feel quite bad if I sit in front of the TV for an entire evening. In my opinion, there`s also a danger that watching TV can become a substitute for real life. It`s easier to sit at home and watch TV than to go out and meet people. But it`s obviously better to go out and do something more social and active.

(The candidate starts here with an obvious idea, then add a less obvious, more philosophical idea.)

3. What are the advantages and disadvantages of showing imported TV programs?

The advantage is that some imported programs are very high quality. They`re well written, well acted and cost a lot of money to produce. In that respect, they`re of then much better than anything produced locally. However, the disadvantage of showing a lot of imported programs is that it means we haven`t developed much of a TV production industry in my country. If we made more TV programs. there would be more  jobs for actors, directors, script writers etc. and we might start making interesting programs rather than mostly just silly game shows, as I mentioned before.

(The candidate starts with the exception (high quality programs) and then describes the general rule.)

4. Do you think that the things children see on TV and in films can influence their behavior?

This has been discussed a lot in the media, especially the question "Does watching violence on TV make children violent?" In my opinion, children don`t have a problem distinguishing between fantasy and reality. I wouldn’t let my kids watch horror films, but that`s because I think it would upset them, not because I think they`d star: killing people! The area where I think TV and films really can change their behaviors is advertising. Children are very easy to influence. A lot of advertisements on TV are aimed directly at children, and some films these days seem little more than advertisements for toys or computer games.

(In this example, the candidate starts with an ongoing debate first and moves on to own opinion by contrasting with the popular idea)

5. Do you think Hollywood films can change local cultures?

Perhaps a combination of American films, TV and music can have an effect. A lot of young people dress in quite American-looking style, and a lot of English words and phrases have entered our language. Some habits have changed too. For example, young people drink more alcohol than their parents did. Perhaps that`s because of influence from the media.

(Here the candidate expands the focus of the question and makes sure it still includes what the examiner asked)

Conclusion

IELTS speaking part-3 is all about showing examiners your ability to break an argument with examples and appropriate logic. Here you need the ability to present you idea with complex sentences.

Linking words can be helpful on this regard to present in a logical sequence so that it could be easy for examiner to follow your conversation and this will eventually prompt for high band score.

The Definitive Guide to Score High in IELTS Speaking Part-2

The part 1 of IETLS speaking testy consist questions relating to your personal life. The examiner my ask you to discuss one topic for the first half of the Part 1 test, then switch to another topic for the second half.

This is normal and doesn’t mean that your performance for the first topic was inadequate to get higher band in IELTS speaking module.

During this time of transitional questions, the examiner may sound quite unclear. Example of these pair of question that can be asked here are as below:
  • Do you enjoy your occupation?
  • Have you ever had an interview for a job?
  • Is it easy to find a job where you live?
  • What`s the most difficult part of your occupation?
If you`re not sure that you understand the question correctly ask the examiner to repeat it. You won`t normally lose marks for doing this-after all, it happens in native speaker conversations too.

Rrepeat the question ielts speaking

From this point in the book onwards, the main focus of the Speaking units is on Parts 2 and 3, as they tend to be more challenging.

But, of course, the language skills you were using in Part 1 are also helpful for the rest of these parts.

In part 2 of the Speaking test, the examiner gives you a task card like one below. You then have a minute to prepare for one to two minutes, you are allowed to make notes if you wish.

Examiner: You have one to two minutes for this. Don`t worry if I stop you. I`ll tell you when the time is up. Can you start speaking now, please?

Describe the job or career you have or hope to have in the future.

You should say:
  • What the job is
  • What the job involves
  • why you choose this job
and explain what you like or dislike about this job.

The first stage of preparation is deciding what point to include in your talk.

That`s why the examiner will give you a piece of paper to jot down the ideas within a minute. You will be then prompt to speak for 2 minutes.

Look at this typical candidates note below who is studying in veterinary science. Remember you will need enough notes to speak for a similar length of time and with similar amount of details.
  • Studying in veterinary science
  • Farm animals, not pets
  • Not just sick animals-also disease prevention and testing
  • Cows, TB from wild animals
  • Reason. Not I love animals. I like working outdoors in agricultural environment.
  • Good pay, job satisfaction, meeting people
  • Hard work, all weathers, repetitive, get up very early
One important thing you can notice in this example. While preparing notes it is important to follow the sequence of questions closely.

In this case, while making preparation for job, if you don`t have a clear ideas about your future career, perhaps imagine a s suitable job and talk about that.

IELTS Speaking-Future Job

Now let`s look at how to organize the answer. The first thing would be give an introductory statement.

"At the moment, I`m studying to be a veterinary scientist, so of course that`s what I hope to become when I graduate next summer. I`m almost certain I`m going to pass my final exam."

Now look at the notes we have taken and construct the speech after introductory sentence.

"Generally, there are two types of vet, ones who work mostly with pets and ones who work mostly with farm animals. I wouldn’t want to spend all day with cats and dogs, so I`d like to be the second kind." (farm animals not pet)

“The pay can be very good, especially if you set up your own practice rather than working for somebody else, and I think I`ll have a lot of job satisfaction. On the other hand, it`s hard work, you have to go out in all kinds of weather and it can be quite repetitive, Imagine vaccinating five hundred pigs for example. (good pay, job satisfaction, meeting people)

“Some people think I want to become a vet because I love animals, but that`s not really the reason. I do like animals, bit the real is reason is that I want to work outdoors in the real world of agriculture.. I wouldn`t be happy getting up every day to go and sit in an office.” (Reason. Not I love animals. I like working outdoor in agricultural environment.)

Remeber in Part-2 of IELTS speaking test, It`s often a good idea to construct opposite ideas. This can be a good way to demonstrate your ability to use spoken English for complex purposes such as developing an argument and explaining it.

Look at the second last paragraph of the example “The pay can be very good, especially if you set up ....." where we have used "On the other hand".

Look at the following examples again and notice each example begins with a useful word/expression for contrasting ideas.
  1. The hours are long and the pay is low. However...
  2. I`d have to for a lot of travelling, which I don`t really like, Apart from that...
  3. There`s not much job security in this type of work. On the other hand...
  4. I`m not brilliant with computers. Even so....
Contrasting ideas ielts speaking
Another most important twist that can increase your IELTS speaking score in this section is to choose the correct grammatical forms when taking about the future.

This is a very common mistake of candidate is to use will for all future sentences instead they can vary the sentences like as below:

For example look at the following chunk of sentences that can be commonly used in any typical expression in part of IELTS speaking exam.
  1. I am taking my final exams nest month.
  2. I am going to apply to companies in this country and abroad.
  3. I will not be easy to began with.
  4. It`s going to be hard to began with.
Using future tense in IELTS speaking
It`s often a good idea to give examples to illustrate some of your points, This will make the points clearer and will help you present a wide range of languages to get top score.

Like in this example. the speaker can say something about personal experience  of closely watching a veterinary scientist in past life and get inspired by it.

Conclusion

The IELTS speaking part 2 is a special part because this is the only part where the examiner would not interrupt the candidate.

You are free to speak for 2 minutes and at the end of two minutes you will be stopped by the examiner.

Therefore, the speaker will have the fill freedom to show their language skills like using simple to complex sentences, arguments, grammar and cohesive speaking ability to get high band score.

How to Win Over IELTS Speaking Examiner for High Band Score

Every IELTS candidate feels the anxiety to speak in front of examiner because it may be first time in their life when their speaking gets scored by someone!

ielts speaking fear

This nervousness comes over from certain unawareness of mind while a candidate has no clue how they are going to be marked by examiner.

Very few of us may know, adding some particular elements inspeech are helpful for getting high band score in IELTS.

Although there are several components to you need to consider in speaking exam, we are going to discuss one important point here to make you understand the implication practically.
ielts speaking high band score

All we that IELTS speaking exam is divided into 3 parts where in part 1 the examiner asks general questions about familiar subjects such as your home, family, free-time interests and occupation or studies.

It`s common for the examiner to begin with questions relating to the practical sides of your personal life, and then to move on to your leisure interests or other experiences of everyday life.

In Part 1 of the speaking test, the questions may include about your occupation or the way you spend your time I you don`t have an occupation.

The questions could appear like as follows:
  • Do you work, or are you a student?
  • What`t the most interesting part of being a student/service holder/businessman?
  • What`s the most difficult part of being a student/service holder/businessman?
  • Would you say it`s a good occupation? (Why?/Why not?)
  • What kind of work would you like to do in the future?

BE AWARE of the fact that giving a one line simple answer to these questions will reduce your marks.

For example, Don`t just say "I am a student or I work in a multinational company". Give more details in your answer.

ielts speaking in detail

Giving plenty of detail in description makes you smarter to get high band score. For instance:
  • I am a fourth year student of one of the reputed Medical College of the country called.......... (Name of the college)
  • I am working as an executive in a multinational company in the main CBD of the capital. You may have heard about it. It is called the HSBC.

But the trick does not end here by giving detail description. Adding your feelings and opinion can spice it up to the next extent.

This little twist will make your speaking more interesting and can help improve your score.

The examiner will generally ask for your opinion or feelings about your study or occupation. Your opinion can be positive or negative.

For example you can say, "It is not an easy subject, There`s a lot of reading and the exams are very difficult, but it`ll be worth it."

I`ll be able to serve a lot of people if I get graduate and the carrier prospects for doctors are excellent.

You can say about your job "It`s hard work and - I have to be honest - the pay is great, but it can be lot of fun, especially when the office get busy I work with some really nice people."

In this way you can add feelings to your speech. However, extreme and intolerant opinions should be avoided, especially concerning race and religion.

Remember, uttering words and feeling that advocates hates and violence is not tolerated in the academic world. You may have those feelings of hatred about something but it is better to demonstrate those in front of examiner.


Another common topic in Part 1 of the Speaking test is personal circumstances-the place where you live, your family and your daily life.

As with your occupation, it`s a good idea to prepare some ideas to talk about. What can you say about these topics that are interesting or unexpected and you can ass some personal opinion as well as basic information.

For example, while talking about the place you are living; you can say "It is the most beautiful place in the earth for me and living there give me perfect peace of mind."

Conclusion

Speaking Part 1 in the IELTS speaking test will be full of familiar questions. It`s a good strategy to prepare your ideas and learn useful language in this part.

But do not memorize a speech and then give in the test. It can reduce your marks. WHY?

Because, the examiner will understand if you say something by memorizing.

In that case, you will sound unnatural and your speech should not be spontaneous. However, adding some pause in the speech can minimize this with some extent and you can sound natural.

Remember, saying word in speed makes your speech uncomfortable and it demonstrate your nervousness.

Applying annotation in speaking makes it comfortable and easy to listen and that`s exactly what the IELTS examiner wants from a candidate.

A Powerful Tactic to Answer IELTS Reading Questions Quickly

IELTS reading part is the most difficult one for most of the candidate.

There are several tips and tricks available in the when and printed books. But, at what extent it can help the IELTS candidate is a matter of big Question.

So, lets assume instructing candidates is not a BIG DEAL. What really matters is how to solve each 40 question in the reading section within limited time frame.
IELTS Reading-Answerig in time

I am going to guide you solve the IELTS Reading practice test 7-2 sequentially so that you can learn practically how to solve the Reading passage.

First open the passage in a different tab or window in your browser and follow read through the rest of post very carefully.

Now, Just look below the first passage of the paragraph and highlighted parts.

Applying human intelligence tests to animals has been largely discredited, as these are designed to measure human intelligence. Even time-honored tests like putting rats into mazes can be deceptive, since such tests assume the animals will rely on the same senses as we do. A rat’s primary sense organ is its nose, not its eyes. Give a rat a maze of smells, not just visible walls, and it can solve it as fast as a human can.

The paragraph says something about human intelligence. And the last paragraph says something about Rats.

You have to make a mind map about each paragraph by reading the first and last sentence like this.

You need to spent 3 minutes on each 3 passage of IELTS reading section like this.

WHY?

To answer this question, lets solve the first question of the passage which is as below

Questions 14–18

Complete the table below using information from the text. Write the correct letter, A-H, in boxes 14-18 on your answer sheet.

  • Rats 14…………..
  • Dolphins 15………
  • Monkeys and apes 16………
  • Sheep 17…………
  • All animals 18…………..

A. can collaborate with each other
B. can give instructions to other animals
C. transfer knowledge to their offspring
D. can recognize many different human faces
E. use many of the same strategies as humans in their dealings with each other.
F. solve problems in their daily lives
G. can create images
H. can solve certain puzzles very quickly

The first question is  Rats 14………….. where we need to fill the gap that matches the sentences from A to H.

From the previous mind map , we already know the first passage gives information about RATS.

So, scan through the first passage and we find “Give a rat a maze of smells, not just visible walls, and it can solve it as fast as a human can”.

That means a rat can solve the puzzle (synonym: maze) very quickly (as fast as). So, the answer is H.

But, for some questions like  Dolphins 15……… finding answer can be more tedious as four paragraphs in the passage contains information about Dolphins.

So, skip this question would be wiser, we can definitely come back to solve it while we can get time after solving easy questions.

So, after skipping Dolphins related question we come to  Monkeys and apes 16……… question.

The first paragraph before last one represents information about Monkeys and apes where it says Chimps can “perform surprisingly complex sequences of actions….............the ability to plan things in their minds before starting the task” which are very human like behavior.

So, the answer is E (use many of the same strategies as humans in their dealings with each other).

In this way we can solve the 17 and 18 for Sheep and all animals. Let`s show you how this MIND MAP can help you to solve problems for the next questions which is Yes/No/Not Given related.

The first question is “19. Human intelligence tests are inappropriate for animals.”

The first line of fist paragraph says something about Human intelegence and it says “Applying human intelligence tests to animals has been largely discredited, as these are designed to measure human intelligence.”

So, it is TRUE (YES) that human intelligence tests are inappropriate (discredited) for animals.

Are we clear now how establishing a mind map before solving questions can be helpful.

It can not only save your time but also brings relief to candidates’ headache about answering correctly with ease.

The another beauty of IELTS reading test is that the answer comes sequentially. That means if we find the answer of question 19 in fist passage, we will find the answer of question 20 down to the first passage.

ielts reading answer sequentially

For example, the question 20. In some cases, animal abilities can be considered superior to human abilities.

This is a question based on inference. From the last sentence of first paragraph we find “Give a rat a maze of smells, not just visible walls, and it can solve it as fast as a human can.”

So, if a Rat can solve the maze of smells, then it is certainly TRUE (YES) that in some case animal abilities are superior to human.

Now, come to the next question 21. Animals learn to recognize images more slowly than humans.

Coming down to first paragraph, we can find information about “images” in the third paragraph which is below the first paragraph.

Now, it may be clear to what I mean by “answer comes sequentially”.

In the third paragraph it says “What seems to differentiate humans……. the ability to create new ideas and images……...”.

This line does not give any comparative view of recognizing images between humans and animals by stating that animals can recognize images more slowly.

So, the answer to the question 21 is NOT GIVEN.

Conclusion

IELTS reading could be hack of a easy section for candidate if they know how to find answers smartly.

But knowing those techniques are not sufficient enough to make big band score. You need to know how to apply them appropriately.

To do this, one need to practice as much as IELTS reading passages as they can before registering for the real IELTS exam.

Sufficient practice by following useful tactics is key to success in this section of IELTS exam.


IELTS Reading Practice Test 7-2

Testing Animal Intelligence

Applying human intelligence tests to animals has been largely discredited, as these are designed to measure human intelligence. Even time-honored tests like putting rats into mazes can be deceptive, since such tests assume the animals will rely on the same senses as we do. A rat’s primary sense organ is its nose, not its eyes. Give a rat a maze of smells, not just visible walls, and it can solve it as fast as a human can.

Testing animal inteligence ielts reading practice

If intelligence is defined as the ability to cope with everything your environment throws at you, then all surviving species are intelligent. If members of any animal species are required to solve complex problems, many them will eventually do it.

This implies that animals can be “educated” like people. What seems to differentiate humans is not our mental skills so much as our flexibility and our capability for abstract thought: the ability to create new ideas and images as well as receive them.

Animals can do things like navigating or remembering the locations of objects much better than we can. What they don't do so well is apply reasoning to a whole range of problems, which is one of the things that has made human beings so successful as a species.

Part of the problem in assessing animal intelligence is communication. For example we can't speak to dolphins, because they can’t hear human speech very well. And their own language is so different from ours that it will take years of research and enormous computing power to decipher it. S0 far, scientists have only identified the names, or ‘call-signs’, by which dolphins seem to refer to themselves and each other,including ‘talking about‘ other dolphins who aren't present. The best we can do is to develop a common language of signs.

The Dolphin Institute in Hawaii uses more than 100 different hand-signals. Its dolphins can understand not only individual words but also the grammar which links them — the difference between ‘take the ball to the surfboard‘ and ‘take the surfboard to the ball’, for example — as well as abstract concepts like left and right, yes and no, and questions. If you give them a meaningless command, such as ‘take the ball to the surfboard‘ when there is no surfboard, they take it to a sign meaning ‘no’, as if to say ‘l can’t’.

Dolphins seem able to learn independently. For example, they are the only specie besides humans which can instantly understand television. They realize it’s only a representation of the real world and that they can take instructions from a picture of a trainer on-screen but they can’t expect the picture to give them a reward.

The Dolphin institute has even devised a signal meaning “be creative”, at which the dolphin will make up some previously unseen behavior. Combine the signals for “create” and “with another dolphin” and two dolphins can produce an instant synchronized routine. This suggests that they can communicate with one another and either design the routine together or agree that one will be the leader.

In the wild, dolphins cooperate to catch fish by driving them onto a beach, and this behavior is not restricted to their own species. In Argentina, dolphins collaborate with fishermen to drive fish into the latter’s nets, in return for a share of the catch. Each dolphin will only work with a particular fisherman and, when they breed, their offspring work with the same man.

As more research is done, we can increasingly appreciate the complexities of other species’ behavior. Monkeys and apes seldom resort to violence to get their own way, preferring social manipulation and deception. The most successful members of the group tend to be those who are best at soliciting support, or who have the largest families to back up their opinions - not the biggest or strongest as with, say, rutting stags. Research has shown that chimps can perform surprisingly complex sequences of actions to process food, such as collecting a bundle of leaves or cracking nuts with a rock. This implies the ability to plan things in their minds before starting the task, otherwise they might get muddled — forgetting to place all the leaves the same way round, or find a hard, level resting place for the nut, for instance.

Even sheep, a byword for mindless behavior, perhaps deserve reappraisal. It has long been known that you can‘t buy a hill farm without buying the sheep that go with it. The local flock develops an intimate knowledge of the terrain, enabling the sheep to find food in summer and shelter in winter, which is passed down from ewe to lamb for generations. It has discovered that sheep recognize each other’s faces, and appear to use the right side of the brain for this, just like people. They can easily distinguish between 50 different faces, which they can remember for at least two years, and can remember the faces of sheep they haven’t seen for a while. It is widely assumed that dogs are brighter than sheep. However, in the hills of Gujarat in western India, instead of using sheepdogs to round up their flocks, shepherds call directly to the sheep — and they obey.

Questions 14–18
Complete the table below using information from the text.

Write the correct letter, A-H, in boxes 14-18 on your answer sheet.

  • Rats 14 ................
  • Dolphins 15 ..............
  • Monkeys and apes 16 ..............
  • Sheep 17…………
  • All animals 18…………..

A. can collaborate with each other
B. can give instructions to other animals
C. transfer knowledge to their offspring
D. can recognize many different human faces
E. use many of the same strategies as humans in their dealings with each other.
F. solve problems in their daily lives
G. can create images
H. can solve certain puzzles very quickly

Questions 19-26

Do the following statements reflect the claims of the writer?
In boxes 19—26 on your answer sheet, write

YES       if the statement reflects the claims of the writer
NO         if the statement contradicts the claims of the writer
NOT GIVEN   if it is impossible to say what the writer thinks about this

19. Human intelligence tests are inappropriate for animals.
20. In some cases, animal abilities can be considered superior to human abilities.
21. Animals learn to recognize images more slowly than humans
22. Human intelligence is more versatile than animal intelligence.
23. Scientists have learned to communicate effectively with dolphins.
24. Dolphins can tell the difference between fact and fiction.
25. Only humans are ever dishonest with each other.
26. We will have a much greater understanding of animal intelligence in the future.

Question 27

From the list below. choose the sentence A—D which best summarizes the views of the writer: Write the correct letter, A, B. C or D, in box 27 on your answer sheet.

A. Scientists are discovering that many animals are much more intelligent than they realized.
B. Some animals are not actually less intelligent than humans — their intelligences are just different.
C. We cannot accurately assess animal intelligence, because their intelligences are different to ours.
D. The only real difference between human and animal intelligence is that we can think creatively.

ANSWER

IELTS Reading Practice Test 7-1

  The Royal National Lifeboat Institution at Lyme Regis


The Early History

Only two years after the foundation of the Royal National Institute for the Preservation of Life from Shipwreck in 1824, Lyme Fiegis was fully recognized as a town that needed a lifeboat.

This need had been originally highlighted in the November of 1824 when, during a tremendous storm, the lives of the crew of the barque Unity were saved by local men at Black Ven, east of the town. The actions of three of the rescuers gained recognition in the awarding of a gold medal and two silver medals respectively. These were some of the first RNLI medals to be awarded.

 The Royal National Lifeboat Institution at Lyme Regis ielts reading

Early in 1825, a Coastguard Captain named Richard Spencer altered a local boat by fitting  airtight compartments and cork tendering so that it could be used as a “propel” lifeboat. The organization that we now know of as the RNLI (since 1854) was pleased with Spencer’s experiments and in 1826 brought the saving of life at sea under its auspices.

From 1826 to 1852 the station was served by two locally converted vessels, but no records exist as to their names. It was the events of Boxing Day 1852 that stimulated the need for a purpose—built lifeboat in the town, when four of the five life boatmen perished on service to the barque Heroine carrying emigrants bound for Australia.

The following years saw two 8m “Peake Plan" lifeboats at the town and in 1866 the first named lifeboat, the William Woodcock, was placed on station. The 10m vessel carried out 7 rescue call-outs and was replaced in 1891 by the Susan Ashley and then by the Thomas Masterman Hardy in 1915. In all, these five sailing and rowing lifeboats carried out 32 call-outs before the station was closed in 1932, as motorized lifeboats from Exmouth and Weymouth were believed to be able to cover the area.

In 1937, and with only local boats once again acting as lifeboats, the Royal Air Force Marine Craft Unit came to the town and operated their fast patrol and safety launches from the site of what is now the Marine Centre west of Monmouth Beach. The Royal Air Force unit was closed in 1964. With the boom in boating as a recreation, and Lyme Regis now a thriving holiday resort, the town was yet again without a lifeboat: but after long discussions and hard fundraising, June 10th 1967 saw the re-opening of an RNLI lifeboat station in the town and almost 900 call-outs later, it is still operating to this day.

Awards for Gallantry

There have been many services at Lyme Regis that have been recognized by awards: in total, 1 Gold, 7 Silver and 3 Bronze Medals since 1825. The most prestigious in recent years being in August 1979 when helmsman John Hodder with his crew of three rescued a party of five persons (including a small boy) from their yacht White Kitten in storm force conditions.

John Hodder and crewman Colin Jones (who single-handedly sailed the yacht to the safety of the harbour) were each awarded the Bronze Medal and the crew were also presented with the Ralph Glister Award for the most meritorious rescue by an inshore lifeboat that year.

The Lifeboat Today

The lifeboat now stationed here was funded almost entirely by local donations and came into service on 29th September 1997. She is a longer, wider and more powerful successor to the Atlantic 21 being powered by twin 7Oh.p. engines giving a maximum speed of 34 knots. Pearl of Dorset is fitted with a satellite navigation system, VHF radio, righting capability in the event of a capsize, and first aid equipment. The crew is normally three, including the helmsman.

The boat is launched from its DO-DO trolley (meaning Drive On, Drive Off).This is maneuvered by a semi-submersible tractor enabling speedy launches particularly at low water. The station prides itself on an average launch time from initial call to leaving the harbor of just seven minutes. Each year the lifeboat launches over one hundred times on rescue call-outs and exercises, many of which involve other rescue services.

Life boatmen Today

Today's volunteer life boatmen here come from all walks of life. Only two of the crew of fourteen are professional seafarers: the rest are made up of such professions as teachers, market gardeners, engineers, builders and chefs. The crew are supported by a similar number of people on the shore acting as mechanics, tractor drivers, radio operators and other invaluable shore helpers. They are all dedicated to the saving of life at sea and can only do so by the continued support of the public.

Questions 1—5

Look at the events and dates below. Match one date to each event. Use each date ONCE ONLY.
Write your answers in boxes l—5 on your answer sheet.

1. A lifeboat service was provided by the armed forces. .......... ..
2. Several life boatmen died carrying out a rescue. .......... ..
3. The first dedicated lifeboat was created.
4. The lifeboat service was relocated to other coastal towns. .......... ..
5. The Royal National Institute for the Preservation of Life from Shipwreck changed its name.

1824
1825
1852
1854
1866
1932
1937
1964
1967

Questions 6—8

Choose the correct letter; A, B, C or D.
Write the correct letter in boxes 6—8 on your answer sheet.

6. The current lifeboat was mostly paid for by
A. the local council.
B. local people.
C. the crew.
D. the RNLI.

7. The current lifeboat is launched
A. from a trolley.
B. from a larger boat.
C. in shallow water.
D. in under seven minutes.

8. John Hodder won a medal for
A. rescuing so many people.
B. skilful sailing in bad weather.
C. sailing single-handed.
D. rescuing a small boy.

Questions 9-13

Do the following statements reflect the claims of the writer? In boxes 9—I3 on your answer sheet, write

YES   if the statement reflects the claims of the writer
NO           if the statement contradicts the claims of the writer
NOT GIVEN   if it is impossible to say what the writer thinks about this

9. Richard Spencer’s lifeboat saved many lives. .......... ..
10. Lyme Regis has had its own lifeboat service since 1937. .......... ..
11. The lifeboat service is important to the local economy. .......... ..
12. The present lifeboat will not sink if it turns over in the water. .......... ..
13. Life boatmen come from a wide variety of backgrounds. .......... ..

ANSWER