IELTS Speaking Instruction: Beginner to AdvanceSunday, April 07, 2013
A lot of IELTS candidate needs to know what makes their speaking scored at expert level user or close to band 9. A good score in IELTS speaking comes from suitable answers for 3 segments of the test.
However, the first part of the exam which focuses on personal questions needs more fluent reply to score better.
If a candidates have been asked a question, for example, do you like sports?; the candidate will generally state "Yes I like it". But, the examiner may generate the question "For what reason?"
So, the candidate must give a complete answer with focusing on when and why. The IELTS exam syndicate also sets some common criteria to judge candidates speaking level from beginners to advanced which are as below:
1. Fluency and coherence
Fluency means you don`t stop speaking with long pause. Time may require to develop answers of certain questions but that thinking time must filled with voice, not silence like "that`s a thought provoking question...my mind is completely blank at this time..let me sort out some ideas to answer your question".
Coherence means, you are linking your ideas without hesitation or with strong examples and personal point of views. You should use a range of connectives and discourse markers with some flexibility.
2. Lexical Resources
Research has shown that candidates scored band 8-9 use uncommon words in their speech which proves that they have wide range of vocabulary.
Like answering the question "Do you like fashion?", a candidate of band 9 level can answer like this: Not at all, I like normal attire. using the same word again and again can reduce your band score on this regard as well. A good resource that you can follow to increase your pause vocabulary range is here.
3. Grammatical range and accuracy
The grammar is not strictly marked in IELTS speaking that means few mistakes will not hamper the band score.
However, use of different grammatical structures are important like using complex, compound and mixed sentences with flexibility of no major mistakes.
Do not get it wrong! Pronunciation doesn`t not means accent. Accent doesn`t not have any negative effects in IELTS speaking. The way you pronounce each word does.
The examiner should generally understand each word. SO, individual words should be presented with clarity and correctness.